Overview of the United States Supreme Court held in Washington, DC on June 30, 2020.
(Photo by Stephanie Reynolds / Getty Images)

The Supreme Court on Monday effectively postponed the following key objections: Use of Harvard Racial Affirmative Action. This could postpone a case that could end the national practices that have encouraged black and Latino students to enroll for decades.

Supreme Court I have issued an order asking the Biden Justice Department to comment on the case means postponing the internal affairs of the nine judges on whether and when to hear the dispute.

The Supreme Court has not set a deadline for filing the conflict broke out on behalf of Asian Americans. Had the court accepted the challenger’s petition in full, another important case would soon have been added to the judges calendar for the 2021-22 session. This already includes a controversy over the right to abortion and gun control.

Harvard challengers claim the Ivy League campus keeps Asian Americans on a higher level and essentially limits their numbers. The school argues that there are no restrictions on Asian American students and that all applicants are considered individually due to many characteristics.

The dispute is a case apparently aimed at reviving the matter in the Supreme Court and has been going on in lower courts since 2014. Students for Fair Admissions, a group supported by conservative activists across the country, claims Harvard punished Asian Americans to increase their chances of finding black and Latino applicants.

Since the proceedings began, the composition of the Supreme Court has changed in favor of opponents of affirmative actions, with three new appointments from former President Donald Trump. The court eventually upheld the university’s positive action in 2016. The two judges, the majority of the five narrow judges, were Anthony Kennedy and Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who succeeded Brett Kavanaugh in 2018 and Amy Coney Barrett in 2020.

If Harvard wins in a lower court and the judiciary eventually takes legal action, the restructured High Court could repeal and change university rules aimed at increasing campus diversity. I’m going.

Harvard University attorneys applied the judge’s enacted Supreme Court Act to the facts of the case when asking the judge to support the lower court’s victory, making it a bigger issue among other US courts. He claimed there was no division.

Harvard views race “only in a flexible, not mechanical, way” and argues that such a consideration “only benefits good candidates”. Throughout the process, the immigration officer has claimed not to discriminate against Asian American applicants.

In a broader sense, Harvard University urged judges not to reduce the 1978 case and allowed a partial racial test to help build a comprehensive and diverse research institute.

“Universities across the country followed this precedent in building admissions,” said a Harvard attorney. “And the American people have turned to this precedent to see and appreciate the benefits of diversity and to ensure that the path to leadership is open to all.”

When the Supreme Court upheld the 1978 case in 2003, now-retired Judge Sandra Day O’Connor emphasized the university’s mission to train future leaders: It is important to realize the dream of an inseparable land. “

Harvard University’s chief attorney is Seth Waxman, a former US Secretary of State in the Clinton administration who has been on the Harvard team since the proceedings began. Because all those involved in the proceedings believed they were going to the increasingly conservative Supreme Court.

The shepherd appealing the fair admissions team is William Consoboy, who also filed a lawsuit from the start. (Consoboy has individually carried out Trump’s prominent litigation, including attempting to protect his financial records from the Manhattan District Attorney.)

On the SFFA’s appeal, he asked the High Court to overturn the ruling that allowed races to be made “plus” in screening, arguing that it was “negative for Asian Americans”. Challengers say Harvard will continue to use the race “until the court stops”.

Secret admission practices revealed

The 2018 Harvard Trial produced a vast amount of data and documents, as well as multiple witnesses, when secret admission practices were exposed on the Ivy League campus. The benefits of an African American or Latin American background were highlighted along with the benefits of family wealth, connection with school heritage, and athletic dominance.

Harvard challengers claimed that Asian American applicants were punished as “wise one-dimensional books” when they were assessed. A lower court judge dismissed the charge because he found that Harvard University did not discriminate illegally.

Asian-American supporters did not band together to support or oppose the case, and their legacy has been traced back to many different countries, with diversity within the community in the United States having different social and economic perspectives. Prove the gender.

Asian-Americans make up 24.6% of current Harvard foreign cohorts (by graduation in 2024). African American 13.9%; Latino 11.8%; Indians and Hawaiians, 2.0%. The remaining category, 47.7%, is predominantly white, according to Harvard officials. These proportions have shifted slightly in recent years.

Affirmative Action Case, supported by prominent conservative activists

In the case of Harvard and similar lawsuits previously filed against Yale, they were drafted by conservative activist Edward Blum. Edward Blum is a longtime opponent of racial politics that used to involve white students to challenge a policy that blacks and Latinos have long benefited from.

Blum also filed a case that led to the 2013 Supreme Court ruling in the Shelby County v Holder case, which drastically narrowed the scope of the pioneering Voting Act. The VRA’s efforts have been going on for years, and Blum also has a long look at the ongoing case and hopes for a reversal of the current legal process under Judge John Roberts. ..

There are no single Asian-American plaintiffs in the new case. Blum says his coalition includes applicants who have been denied admission and prospective applicants. The case was brought under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The law prohibits government-funded schools from racial discrimination.

The Trump administration backed the challenger against Harvard, and the debate was similarly stimulated by judges in the lower courts.

At the court level, District Court Judge Alison Burrows found that Harvard’s admissions process was “incomplete” but met the requirements of the Supreme Court case. “Racial admission is an important place in society and helps universities create a diverse atmosphere that makes learning easier,” she said.

Similarly, the US First Court of Appeals ruled that Harvard’s “limited use of the breed” in admission was consistent with the case of the Supreme Court.

The judge first approved a racist affirmation in a 1978 ruling known as the University of California vs. Berkeet Regent. The 5: 4 split decision allowed the university to view the breed as one of the many eligibility criteria, but it also banned quotas.

In that ruling, the judge cited Harvard as a model for positive action. Regarding his story, the SFFA challengers said in an appeal to the judge, “Harvard began and ended the court’s approval for race-based admission. It is a good place. “

And they took the familiar line of Judge John Roberts and added:[ping] Racial discrimination. “

The Supreme Court is delaying challenging Harvard’s positive action guidelines for several months