Georgia introduces electric vehicle charging tax, Delaware passes residential charging law

Wall mounted car charger to power electric vehicles with copy space on house wall

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Georgia introduces electric vehicle charging tax, Delaware passes residential charging law

From Lurah Lowery
At July 7, 2023

The recent passage of a law in Georgia will bring in taxpayers’ money from electric vehicles (EVs) to prepare for a projected increase in sales, while another law in Delaware focuses on installing residential charging infrastructure.

Georgia Senate Bill 146, which goes into effect July 1, would impose an excise tax on electric vehicles at charging stations of 26 cents per 11 kilowatt hours (kWh). Legislators have established that eleven kWh is equivalent to one gallon of gasoline. In addition, hydrogen gas is taxed at the same rate per 2.2 pounds.

The excise tax is in addition to Georgian EV owners being charged a license fee of $210.87. There is also an optional one-time alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) license plate manufacturing fee of US$25 plus an annual registration fee of US$20 and a special identification fee of US$35. The license fee only applies to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and flexible fuel vehicles if they have AFV plates.

The new tax law also requires private companies offering public chargers to measure the total kWh delivered, which will be enforced by charging station inspectors. If, at the same time, more current is delivered than the tolerance limit specified in the regulations of the tax authority, the station will be shut down.

At hearings, supporters of the bill said both charges are necessary because the excise tax is only levied at public charging stations, meaning owners of EVs who primarily charge at home would not pay proportionally to their road use, according to a WABE news report.

According to the Associated Press, Georgia is one of the main beneficiaries of a nationwide EV investment boom: More than 40 EV-related projects since 2020 promise $22.7 billion in investment and create 28,400 jobs in the state.

Gov. Brian Kemp said last week he wants to make Georgia the “electromobility capital of the nation.” as his second-term legacy, the AP reports.

Last week, the Delaware House of Representatives passed a bill that would require new single- and multi-family homes to have electric vehicle charging infrastructure.

Senate Bill 103 would position the state for the year 2040, according to a press release from the House of Representatives, when researchers predict sales of electric vehicles will surpass those of conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. The Senate passed the bill in May.

In addition, if the bill were signed by Governor John Carney, it would:

    • “Ensure county and local government enforcement of EV charging infrastructure requirements;
    • “Apply for the construction of an apartment building for which an application for final site plan approval is filed on or after January 1, 2025; And
    • “Clarify that if the family home does not have an attached or detached garage, electric vehicle parking in the driveway, assigned parking for the residence, or unassigned off-street parking must be provided as part of the project.”

“Major vehicle manufacturers are committing to going fully electric, and we need to take the step to ensure we have the electric charging infrastructure to match,” said Rep. Krista Griffith (D-Fairfax), co-sponsor of the bill. “As with anything, installation during the first phase of construction is more cost-effective than the retrofit alternatives. This bill will make it easier and more convenient for all Delaware residents to own an electric vehicle for years to come.

“If we can be proactive and make it easier and more attractive for people to own electric vehicles, then we should. We are also promoting cleaner air and water, leading to improved health outcomes for everyone as we can reduce the amount of carbon emissions.”

SB 103(S) is one of several environmental laws passed during the current legislature aimed at reducing the state’s carbon emissions, including House Bill 99.

“The 152nd General Assembly showed a strong commitment to passing bold environmental legislation. “Senate Bill 103 builds on our efforts to make Delaware a more energy-efficient state by making it easier for consumers to purchase and maintain an electric vehicle by ensuring that all new homes and apartment buildings in our state are EV-ready are,” he said to Senator Sarah McBride (D-Wilmington), co-sponsor of the bill. “I thank my colleagues in the House for passing this bill and I look forward to the governor enacting it.”

Another bill passed by the legislature, House Bill 12, would codify the state’s Clean Vehicle Rebate program and provide a rebate of up to $2,500 for electric vehicles and a maximum of $1,000 for hybrid vehicles sold up to $50,000 allow US dollars. It awaits Carney’s signature to become law.

According to the Delaware News Journal, Secretary of Natural Resources and Environmental Control Shawn Garvin should soon decide how quickly the state will move to an electric vehicle sales mandate. The mandate is expected to require all new vehicles sold to be electric by 2035.

According to the Delaware News Journal, there are currently 25 DC fast charging stations in the state, totaling 95 individual outlets, and 108 Level 2 stations, totaling 229 outlets.

Delaware Natural Resources and Environmental Control received an additional $1.2 million from a Volkswagen agreement earlier this year to install 14 DC fast charging stations across the state. Five are to be housed in physical stores in New Castle County, four in Kent County – three of them in hotels – and five in malls in Sussex County, the News Journal reports.

On July 1, Hawaii began a new mileage-based road use program under Law 222 (Senate Act 1534). The law eliminates the $50 annual state registration fee for electric vehicles and allows owners to pay a registration fee or a per-mile road use fee through June 2028. Drivers who opt for the per-mile road tax must report mileage readings to the state.

Hawaii was the fourth state to implement the program, after Oregon, Utah and Virginia. They are designed to help recoup money from lost fuel taxes as more motorists switch to electric vehicles.


Featured image credit: tagphoto/iStock

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