According to the National Statistics Office of Georgia (Geostat) as of April 27, Georgia’s population was 3,736,400 people as of January 1, 2023, an increase of 1.3% compared to the previous year. Notably, 2022 saw a negative natural increase of -6,799 and a positive net migration of 54,509.
Women make up 52% of the population while men make up 48%, giving a sex ratio of 92 men for every 100 women. Life expectancy at birth in 2022 has increased by 2.3 units compared to the previous year and is now 73.7 years. Life expectancy for men is 69.4 years and for women 78.1 years. The average age of the population is 38 years.
15.6% of the population is 65 years and older. The proportion of people aged zero to 14 is 20.7% and the proportion of the working age population (15-64 years) is 63.8%.
As of January 1, 2023, 60.4% of Georgia’s population lived in urban settlements, with almost a third of the total population living in Tbilisi. The population distribution by region is as follows: Imereti – 463,100; Kvemo Kartli – 442,800; Customer AR – 361,400; Cake – 306,200; Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti – 299,300; Shida Cartley – 249,800; Samtskhe-Javakhet – 147,400; Guria – 104,300; Mtskheta-Mtianeti – 93,300; Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti – 27,100;
In 2022, emigration from Georgia increased by 25.3% compared to the previous year and 125,269 people left the country. Meanwhile, immigration rose by 142.9% to 179,778 people. The majority of immigrants (84.3%) and emigrants (86.7%) were of working age (15–64 years). It is noteworthy that 30.3% of immigrants and 80.5% of emigrants were Georgian citizens. Of the remaining immigrants, most were citizens of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus.
The last census in Georgia was conducted in 2019 and showed a total population of 3.72 million. In the previous censuses in 2014 and 2002, the population was 3.7 million and 4.4 million, respectively. It is noteworthy that the population in 1989 was one million more than in 2002.
* The figures do not take into account residents of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali regions.
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